Title: “Majority of Ethnic Armenians Flee Nagorno-Karabakh as Region’s Separatist Government Dissolves”
Over 75% of ethnic Armenians have fled the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh and sought refuge in neighboring Armenia, according to officials. The mass exodus was triggered by the recent announcement of the separatist government’s dissolution, effectively signalling the end of the unrecognized republic within Azerbaijan’s borders.
Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous enclave populated mainly by ethnic Armenians, has been a longstanding source of tension between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Following a ceasefire accord between the two nations brokered by Russia in November 2020, the region witnessed a large-scale displacement of its population.
Before the recent exodus, Nagorno-Karabakh’s population was estimated at around 120,000 individuals. However, the United Nations refugee agency now predicts that nearly all the remaining population will follow suit and flee the region. This mass departure raises concerns about the viability and future of the unrecognized republic.
Brussels, the capital of the European Union, has appealed to the United Nations for immediate access to Nagorno-Karabakh. The request emphasizes the need to address the escalating humanitarian crisis and provide much-needed support to those affected by the conflict. It is hoped that granting UN personnel entry to the region will aid in assessing the current situation and delivering vital assistance.
The dissolution of the region’s separatist government marks a significant turning point. With the dissipation of the unrecognized republic, Nagorno-Karabakh is set to cease its existence by the end of this year. This development raises questions about the geopolitical future of the disputed region and the fate of its minority population.
As ethnic Armenians flee their homes, neighboring Armenia – already burdened by economic difficulties and strained resources – faces the challenge of accommodating a large influx of displaced individuals. Adequate provisions for housing, healthcare, and education must be made to support the displaced population in their transition to a new life.
International organizations and countries across the globe are closely monitoring the situation, recognizing the urgency to address the humanitarian crisis unfolding in Nagorno-Karabakh. In the coming months, efforts to provide aid and solutions for the displaced Armenians are expected to intensify, with hopes of securing their safety and stability amidst this challenging period.
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