The Day In History
On this day telephone service began between Mexico and Washington.
On this date the United States army took possession of Alta California, proclaiming its independence and naming it the Republic of California.
On this date, American Ambassador Poinsett offered Mexico five million dollars to purchase Texas, which was rejected by Mexican President Guadalupe Victoria.
On this date Juan de O’Donojú signed with Iturbide in Villa de Córdoba, Veracruz, the Treaty of Córdoba confirming the independence of Mexico.
On this date United States troops invaded Mexico, taking New Mexico.
On this date, the Mexican Congress acknowledged the independence of the Republic of Guatemala.
On this date Jacques Monard or Ramón Mercader, international adventurer, shot Russian Communist leader León Trotsky, who died the next day. The attack took place in the home of Diego Rivera where the victim was living.
On this date Spanish writer Federico Garcia Lorca was shot. His anti-fascist position made him another victim of the Spanish Civil War.
On this day, after 7 years of independence and losing the Guerra de Castas war with the Mayans, the Yucatán Congress decided to rejoin the Mexican Republic.
On this date the United States purchased Alaska from Russia.
On this date the Caste War began when indigenous Mayans from the Yucatán rose up against the governor for injustices and the execution of Cacique Manuel Antonio Ay.
On this date Benito Mussolini was born in Italy, baptized with this name due to the admiration of his father for Benito Juarez Benemérito of the Americas.
On this date Francisco Villa laid down his arms after signing an agreement with President Adolfo de la Huerta, returning to private life with a bodyguard of 50 men, retaining his military status and the Canutillo hacienda.
On this date Emperor Carlos V decreed to Hernán Cortés all the land presently occupied by the National Palace in Mexico City.
On this date Iturbide is named the first Emperor of Mexico.