The Day In History
On this date Miguel Miramón was born in Mexico City. He participated in the Battle of Chapultepec against north american invaders as a military cadet. He became a General and President of the Republic twice at a young age. With conservative ideas, he aided Emperor Maximiliano with whom he died at the end of the war in 1867.
On this date Vasco Núñez de Balboa was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean which he named Mar del Sur.
On this date Bishop Abad y Queipo of Michoacán excommunicated Hidalgo for having begun the fight for Mexican independence, considering him to be a rebel and heretic.
On this date 13 members of the Grupo Popular Guerrillero attacked the Mexican military base in Madera, Chihuahua which housed 125 soldiers.
On this date Alvaro Obregon was rescued by Francisco Villa just before he was to be shot by a firing squad.
On this date the bus in which Mexican painter Frida Kahlo was riding collided with a streetcar in Mexico city. She never recovered fully from injuries she sustained in that accident.
On this date President Guadalupe Victoria celebrated for the first time the Grito de Dolores. Subsequent Presidents continued the tradition until Porfirio Diaz who changed the celebration to the night of the 15th, his birthday.
On this date the Zapatista army entered Mexico City with Commander Marcos at the lead to demand constitutional reforms of the rights of the indigenous population.
On this date the United States was the victim of an attack by Muslim terrorists who flew planes into the Twin Towers buildings in New York and one other into the Pentagon.
On this day in Laredo, Texas, Mexican soldiers confronted Americans and groups of Mexican traitors. The battle took place in the recently declared Republic of Río Grande and is considered the beginning of the intervention of America.
On this date the American invaders hanged in San Ángel 16 Irish soldiers of the Saint Patricia battalion who originally fought with the American army but on seeing the injustice of the war formed a battalion within the Mexican forces.
On this date the expedition “Magallanes-Elcano” completed the first around the world voyage aboard the “Victoria” with only 18 survivors of the original 234 men and five boats.
On this date on the orders of President Carranza, conferences began in New London then Atlantic City to facilitate the withdrawal of soldiers looking for Francisco Villa. The conferences ended on November 24 but the forces did not leave Mexico until February the following year.
On this date Mother Teresa of Calcutta died.
On this date Apache Chief Geronimo, born on June 16, 1829 in Asunción de María in Arizpe, Sonora, surrendered with his tribe in the sierra madres before 5000 American soldiers who were pursuing them.