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May 20, 1506

On this date in Valladolid, Spain, explorer Christopher Columbus died.

May 18, 1810

On this date don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was excommunicated by the Michoacán Bishop and the Archbishop of Mexico, as well as by the Mexican Inquisition, along with his followers.

May 17, 1683

On this date French pirates under the command of Nicholás Agramonte, Lorenzo Jácome and Mister Rámon, disembarked at the port of Veracruz and committed all kinds of abuses, including surrounding the church with cannons and blackmailing their prisoners.

May 16, 1918

On this date Mexican writer Juan Nepomuceno Carlos Pérez Rulfo Vizcaíno was born in Sayula, Jalisco. Although he wrote only two books, he is considered one of the greatest writers of Hispanic American narratives of the 20th Century.

May 12, 1982

On this date an attempt was made to assassinate Pope John Paul II in Portugal.

May 11, 1846

On this date American President Polk, following the principles of “Manifest Destiny” and under the pretext of helping independent Texas colonists, officially declared war against Mexico, even though American troops had already invaded Mexico.

April 29, 1975

On this date the war between Vietnam and the United States ended after 15 years.

April 27, 1521

On this date Filipino natives killed Portuguese explorer Fernando de Magellan’s.

April 26, 1937

On this date during the Spanish Civil War, under the orders of Francisco Franco the German air force bombarded the down of Vasco de Guernica. Several weeks later Picasso began painting his famous mural known as “Guernica.”

April 25, 1863

On this date after the city of Puebla had been besieged by French troupes since March 16 the year before, the Mexican army under General Porfirio Díaz fought the invaders and repelled the French army.

April 22, 2013

On this date the Official Anthem of the State of Sinaloa, words and music by Faustino López Osuna, was introduced before government authorities in a solemn ceremony at the Sinaloa Art Museum in Culiacán.

April 22, 1519

On this date Hernan Cortes founded the Villa Rica de Vera-Cruz.

April 21, 1926

On this date the “Guerra Cristera” war began over the opposing positions between the Catholic church and the Mexican government. The war lasted three years and claimed the lives of 250,000 Mexicans.

April 19, 1965

On this date Mexican inventor of the colour television, Guillermo González Camarena, died.

April 18, 1955

On this date physicist Albert Einstein died in the United States.