The Day In History
On this date Miguel Hidalgo, leader of the Mexican independence movement, was shot together with compañeros in Chihuahua. José Maria Morelos became the new revolutionary leader.
On this date the Ley Lerdo was issued confiscating Church property in Mexico.
On this date Mexico renounced its rights to Belize.
On this date the American submarine “Nautilus,” the first nuclear propelled submarine in the world, left Pearl Harbour to become the first submersible to navigate below the ice of the North Pole which it accomplished on August 3.
On this date Benito Juárez died in Mexico City and Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada assumed the position of interim President.
On this date Mary Leakey discovered at the mouth of the Olduvai in Tanzania a portion of a head of the species known as Parathropus Boisei, thought to be the species between gorillas and humans 1.75 million years ago.
On this date the first nuclear bomb was set off in the desert of Los Alamos in the United States.
On this date President Benito Juárez entered Mexico City to install the government after the triumph of the Republic over the French invasion and reign of Maximiliano.
On this date Agustín de Iturbide (self-proclaimed Emperor of Mexico) who was declared a traitor, disembarked in Sota La Marina. He had come from Europe where he had been exiled with his family to try to start a civil war, but he was apprehended by Juan José de la Garza and shot by firing squad five days later.
On this date the New Spain government issued a decree prohibiting indigenous people from owning and using horses which they considered can only be used for military purposes.
On this date the Spanish Inquisition tribunal in Mexico closed permanently.
On this date the Mexican composer Juventino Rosas, author of “Sobre las Olas” died in Surgidero de Batabanó, Cuba. He was 26 years old.
On this date the first contingent of American soldiers left Vietnam.
On this date the priest Martin Luther entered the los Agustinos de Santa Maria convent with the idea of becoming a priest.
On this date at Rancho de Río Grande close to San Juan del Río, Durango, Jose Doroteo Arango Arámbula, better known as Pancho Villa, was born.