The Day In History
On this date Benito Mussolini was born in Italy. His parents named him Benito after Benito Juárez whom they admired.
On this date Sir Walter Raleigh introduced tobacco smoked by American Indians to England which caused great admiration to see smoke coming out of mouths and which was touted in Europe as aiding in the health of lungs and thus increased its consumption by Europeans
On this date Apolo XI with astronauts Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins went into orbit around the moon for the first time.
On this date the Second Mexican Congress abolished slavery, following precedents set in Morelia on October 19, 1810 and in Guadalajara on December 16, 1810.
On this date in the port of Veracruz, President Benito Juárez decreed the law nationalizing Church properties, putting all church real estate under the dominion of the Mexican government.
On this date for the first time the American flag was hoisted in San Francisco, California after taking down the Mexican flag, starting the gold rush in California.
On this date from Venta Prieta in Pachuca, Hidalgo, the first airmail cargo plane landed in Mexico City, taking 50 minutes and carrying over 500 letters and postcards.
On this date the sheep Dolly was born, the first animal to be cloned.
On this date the 1968 student conflict began in Mexico, ending violently on October 2 in the Plaza de la Tres Culturas in Mexico City.
On this date the forces of Hernán Cortés were attacked by Mexicas. Cortés suffered huge losses of his men, both Spanish and Tlaxcaltecas allies.
On this date as a result of being stoned by his followers for having favoured Spanish conquistadores, emperor Moctezuma Xocoyotzin died.
On this date in Mexico the tallest building in Latin America, the “Torre Mayor,” was inaugurated.
On this date President Lázaro Cárdenas expropriated and nationalized Mexico railways.
On this date federal forces with the help of the general public, fought and defeated the North Americans and members of the Mexican Liberal Party of the Flores Magon brothers who had captured Tijuana, Baja California.
On this date the conflict between the church and Mexican State known as “La Guerra Cristera” ended, costing the lives of 250,000 Mexicans and allowing the reintroduction of masses in churches which were suspended on July 25, 1926 by President Plutarco Elías Calles.