The Day In History
On this date in Mexico City Fernando Alva Ixtlilxóchitl, historical illustrator, died. He graduated from the Santa Cruz college in Tlatelolco and transcribed indigenous works and historical accounts of Mexico.
On this date the United Nations was founded with its permanent location in New York.
On this date Capital Diego de Ordaz, a member of the Hernán Cortés forces, climbed the Popocatéptl volcano to collect sulfur for gunpowder.
On this date in Paris, France, with thousands of people watching, Andre Jacques Garnerin, an inspector with the French army who defended the use of balloons for military uses, went up in a hydrogen balloon which he had constructed to show the first parajumping exhibition from a height of 1,000 meters.
On this date Chilean poet Pablo Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature and on the same day but 11 years later, Gabriel Garcia Marquez won the same prize.
On this date Spain and the United States signed an agreement giving the Mexican territory of Florida to the United States.
On this date following heated discussion, the legislatures of the States of Mexico and Puebla consented to the creation of the new State of Guerrero.
On this date Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, was guillotined.
On this date John Lennon of The Beatles was born.
On this date President Luis Echeverría declared the territory of Quintana Roo a sovereign state with its capital a Chetumal. He also decreed the territory of Baja California Sur to be sovereign with La Paz its capital.
On this date the first movie with sound, The Jazz Singer, was released in the United States.
On this date in the middle of the night of this date, Pope Gregorio XIII reformed the calendar eliminating the error of 10 days in a solar year from the old calendar. Tomorrow would not be October 5, 1582 but October 15 of the same year.
On this date a committee of Mexican traitors arrived at the Miramar Castle in Trieste to offer Maximillian the throne of Mexico.
On this date on the order of President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz thousands of citizens, mostly students, were killed in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas de Tlaltelolco which changed Mexico, the consequences of which can still be seen today in the federal government´s handling of the demands of the students of the Instituto Politécnico Nacionales.
On this date the Yucatán legislature approved the province as a Republic, independent of Mexico.