The Day In History
On this date Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 men left the port of Tuxpan, Mexico for Cuba aboard the yacht Granma.
On this date King Felipe II prohibited Mexicans from using horses which he declared were only for “the defence of the land” to be used by the military. The prohibition lasted 23 years.
On this date Ricardo Flores Magón, political opponent of Porfirio Díaz, was murdered in a prison in the United States.
On this day during a religious festival in Quisteil, Yucatán, the baker Jacinto Uc de los Santos, “Canek,” began a rebellion of indigenous people against the whites and mestizos who were exploiting them.
On this date the Mexican Congress created the Federal District as the home of the government and the capital of the Mexican Republic.
On this date the Calleja y La Santa inquisition condemned the revolutionary José María Morelos to death.
On this date American actor Clark Cable died in the United States.
On this date Genaro Vázquez formed a guerrilla force of farmers and students in the Sierra de Guerrero.
On this date French Admiral Baudin demanded 600,000 pesos from Mexico for damage to French bakeries in Tacubaya, beginning what became known as the Cake War (Guerra de los pasteles).
On this date the Mexican poet Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was born. She became known as the “Tenth Muse.”
On this date don Francisco Javier Mina, a Spanish Freemason who came to Mexico to fight for its independence, was shot.
On this date Maximiliano upheld taxes imposed by Benito Juárez, angering conservative Mexicans and the Catholic clergy who were hoping to have their confiscated lands returned to them.
On this date train engineer Jesús García died heroically saving the population of Nacozari, Sonora from an imminent fire explosion in the center of the town.
On this date the first telegraph line in Mexico was inaugurated between Mexico City and Napalucan, Puebla.
On this date the Real Academia de las Nobles Artes de San Carlos was inaugurated, the first art school on the American continent.