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June 24, 2013

On this date in Mexico the tallest building in Latin America, the “Torre Mayor,” was inaugurated.

June 23, 1937

On this date President Lázaro Cárdenas expropriated and nationalized Mexico railways.

June 22, 1911

On this date federal forces with the help of the general public, fought and defeated the North Americans and members of the Mexican Liberal Party of the Flores Magon brothers who had captured Tijuana, Baja California.

June 21, 1929

On this date the conflict between the church and Mexican State known as “La Guerra Cristera” ended, costing the lives of 250,000 Mexicans and allowing the reintroduction of masses in churches which were suspended on July 25, 1926 by President Plutarco Elías Calles.

June 17, 1866

On this date the forces of General Mariano Escobedo and Sóstenes Rocha confronted and defeated the French forces at Santa Gertrudis, in the municipality of Camargo, Tamaulipas.

June 10, 2004

On this date soul and blues singer, Ray Charles, died.

June 9, 1867

On this date President Juárez and his cabinet agreed not to change legal proceedings against Maximilian, Maramón and Majía.

June 8, 1969

On this date Nixon announced the withdrawal of 25,000 soldiers from Vietnam.

June 3, 1548

On this date in Mexico City died Father Juan de Zumárraga, first Bishop and Archbishop of Mexico, protector of the indigenous and promoter of the construction of the Cathedral and founder of the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco for indigenous nobles who also introduced the printing press in Mexico.

June 2, 1537

On this date after questions by Conquistadors whether American aboriginals recently discovered should be treated as slaves or human beings, Pope Paul III emitted the Rula Sublimis Deus that established they should be treated as human beings and converted to Catholicism which was seen as a threat by the European Lutheran Protestants.

June 1, 1917

On this date President Venustiano Carranza issued a decree nationalizing the Mexican maritime fleet stating all sailors must be Mexican born. Previously, the national navy and merchant marine could be staffed and operated by foreigners.

May 31, 2005

On this date in the United States it was discovered that the informant “Deep Throat” in the Watergate scandal was Mark Felt, the second in command of the FBI during the Nixon administration.

May 30, 1906

On this date mine workers from the Cananea mines in Pueblo Nuevo, Sonora, began a general strike for better salaries and working conditions. The strike is considered one of the events that triggered the Mexican Revolution.

May 20, 1506

On this date in Valladolid, Spain, explorer Christopher Columbus died.

May 18, 1810

On this date don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was excommunicated by the Michoacán Bishop and the Archbishop of Mexico, as well as by the Mexican Inquisition, along with his followers.