The Day In History
On this date Veracruz was defended by civilians who resisted an attack from the United States, without help from the federal government.
On this date Captain Ponce de León, a Spanish explorer looking for the fountain of youth, descovered a large extension of land in New Spain which he named “La Florida” for the abundance of flowers.
On this date the United States declared war on Mexico to increase its territory based on the “Manifest Destination” in which “God” gave the right and obligation to extend its frontiers and implant the superiority of the Anglo Saxon race.
On this date in Espíritu Santo, Texas hero of the 5 de Mayo 1862 battle of Puebla Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín was born. He died in Puebla on September 8, 1862.
On this date in Perote, Veracruz, Miguel Antonio Fernández Félix, better known as General Guadalupe Victoria, hero of national independence and the first President of the Republic, died.
On this date the Honduran army shot Wiliam Walker who had been elected President of Nicaragua and who attempted to capture Sonora and Baja California to establish the Republic of Sonora as part of the United States expansion.
On this date, due to the liberals complaint of bad government and the rebellion of Santa Anna with the Plan de Casa Mata, Emperor Augustin I abdicated the Mexican throne.
On this date, after Mexican workers went on strike for equality and better working conditions and the Supreme Court voted against the foreign companies, President Cárdenas declared the expropriation of oil companies in Mexico.
On this date Mexico declared its neutrality in the First World War.
On this date the United States sent a Punitive Expedition of 13,000 soldiers into Mexico to search for Pancho Villa. At its head was General Pershing and Eisenhower, later President of the United States.
On this date after a journey of 160 years that began in Aztlán, the travellers arrived and founded la Gran Tenochitlán, the Azteca capital, now Mexico City.
On this date Hitler annexed Austria to Germany. Mexico was the only country in the world to protest publicly.
On this date the army of Emiliano Zapata occupied Mexico City and on the same day in 2001 the Zapatista Liberation Army arrived at the Mexico City Zócolo.
On this date Pacho Villa attacked Columbus in the United States, forced banks to return deposits and recovered arms already paid for. In reprisal, the United States invaded Mexico for 11 months with 10,000 soldiers in the Punitive Expedition.
On this date the first telephone call between London and New York took place.