The Day In History
On this date Francisco Villa laid down his arms after signing an agreement with President Adolfo de la Huerta, returning to private life with a bodyguard of 50 men, retaining his military status and the Canutillo hacienda.
On this date Emperor Carlos V decreed to Hernán Cortés all the land presently occupied by the National Palace in Mexico City.
On this date Iturbide is named the first Emperor of Mexico.
On this date Mexico renounced its rights over the territory of Belize.
On this date President Juárez decreed laws to take over control of civil marriages, cemeteries, suppression of religious communities and tolerance of cults, all previously under the control of the church.
On this date in Oaxaca, María Sabina Magdalena García, healer and shaman of the indigenous Mazateca, was born. She became renowned for her curative uses of hallucinogenic mushrooms for which she was visited by the Rolling Stones, Beatles, Jim Morrison and Bob Dylan.
On this date Juan de O´Donojú, the last Viceroy of New Spain, signed the Córdoba Treaty with Iturbide recognizing the independence of Mexico.
On this date the Caciques Mayas of Yucatan began a civil war against whites, mestizos and Indians which became known as the “Guerra de Castas.”
On this date Colonel Antonio Cárdenas Rodríguez ordered Flight Squad 201 to participate in the Second World War in the Pacific. The squad trained in the United States and entered the war against the Japanese on April 30, 1945.
On this date the usurper Victoriano Huerta was defeated and renounced the Presidency of the Republic.
On this date the French Revolution began with the storming of the Bastille.
On this date Sonora military commander General José María Yánez ousted French Count Rausset de Boulbon from the port of Guaymas. Rausset de Boulbon had arrived from San Francisco to attempt to establish an independent Sonora State.
On this date an “Assembly of Notables” formed by conservative Mexicans and Catholic church members decided to offer Maximiliano de Habsurgo, Prince of Austria, the throne of Mexico.
On this date singer Facundo Cabral was murdered in Guatemala. The world lost a man who preached freedom, peace and justice.
On this date Josefa Ortíz de Domínguez was apprehended by the army for participation in the independence movement.