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July 29, 1883

On this date Benito Mussolini was born in Italy. His parents named him Benito after Benito Juárez whom they admired.

July 27, 1586

On this date Sir Walter Raleigh introduced tobacco smoked by American Indians to England which caused great admiration to see smoke coming out of mouths and which was touted in Europe as aiding in the health of lungs and thus increased its consumption by Europeans

July 19, 1969

On this date Apolo XI with astronauts Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins went into orbit around the moon for the first time.

July 14, 1824

On this date the Second Mexican Congress abolished slavery, following precedents set in Morelia on October 19, 1810 and in Guadalajara on December 16, 1810.

July 12, 1859

On this date in the port of Veracruz, President Benito Juárez decreed the law nationalizing Church properties, putting all church real estate under the dominion of the Mexican government.

July 8, 1846

On this date for the first time the American flag was hoisted in San Francisco, California after taking down the Mexican flag, starting the gold rush in California.

July 6, 1917

On this date from Venta Prieta in Pachuca, Hidalgo, the first airmail cargo plane landed in Mexico City, taking 50 minutes and carrying over 500 letters and postcards.

July 5, 1996

On this date the sheep Dolly was born, the first animal to be cloned.

July 1, 1968

On this date the 1968 student conflict began in Mexico, ending violently on October 2 in the Plaza de la Tres Culturas in Mexico City.

June 30, 1520

On this date the forces of Hernán Cortés were attacked by Mexicas. Cortés suffered huge losses of his men, both Spanish and Tlaxcaltecas allies.

June 29, 1520

On this date as a result of being stoned by his followers for having favoured Spanish conquistadores, emperor Moctezuma Xocoyotzin died.

June 24, 2013

On this date in Mexico the tallest building in Latin America, the “Torre Mayor,” was inaugurated.

June 23, 1937

On this date President Lázaro Cárdenas expropriated and nationalized Mexico railways.

June 22, 1911

On this date federal forces with the help of the general public, fought and defeated the North Americans and members of the Mexican Liberal Party of the Flores Magon brothers who had captured Tijuana, Baja California.

June 21, 1929

On this date the conflict between the church and Mexican State known as “La Guerra Cristera” ended, costing the lives of 250,000 Mexicans and allowing the reintroduction of masses in churches which were suspended on July 25, 1926 by President Plutarco Elías Calles.