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August 25, 1829

On this date American Ambassador to México, Joel R. Poisett, offered the Mexican government five million pesos to purchase Texas. The Mexican government refused the offer but it indicated the American intentions.

August 24, 1821

On this date Vicroy O´Donojú, before taking office, signed the Tratados de Córdoba proclaiming the independence of México.

August 23, 1799

On this date in Campeche, Yucatán, Manuel Crescencio Rejón was born, the lawyer who became known as the father of the amaro.

August 17, 1848

On this date after 2 years of independence, the Yucatan comprised of Campeche, Tabasco, Quintana Roo, northern Peten and Belize requested it be reincorporated into Mexico due to the imminent “Caste War” begun by the Mayans.

August 12, 1854

On this date the results of a contest by the governor of Santa Ana for poets and musicians to write a national anthem were announced. The winners were Francisco González Bocanegra for the words, and Jaime Nunó for the music.

August 11, 1866

On this date despite the insistence of Empress Carlota that Napoleon III continue helping Emperor Maximiliano in Mexico, France withdrew its troops which was the beginning of the end of the Second Empire.

August 10, 1680

On this date began a rebellion of the Pueblo Indians led by Pope, in Santa Fe, New Mexico against the Spaniards who had captured 400 and forced another 2000 to leave their homes.

August 9, 1945

On this date on the orders of President Truman, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on Japan that destroyed Nagasaki: Japan surrendered.

August 4, 1639

On this date in Madrid, Spain, don Juan Ruíz de Alarcón y Mendoz, whose literary works were honoured in Spain, died.

August 3, 1492

On this date believing the world is round, the expedition of Christopher Columbus left the port of Palos de Moguer in Huelva Spain to look for a route to the far east.

July 29, 1883

On this date Benito Mussolini was born in Italy. His parents named him Benito after Benito Juárez whom they admired.

July 27, 1586

On this date Sir Walter Raleigh introduced tobacco smoked by American Indians to England which caused great admiration to see smoke coming out of mouths and which was touted in Europe as aiding in the health of lungs and thus increased its consumption by Europeans

July 19, 1969

On this date Apolo XI with astronauts Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins went into orbit around the moon for the first time.

July 14, 1824

On this date the Second Mexican Congress abolished slavery, following precedents set in Morelia on October 19, 1810 and in Guadalajara on December 16, 1810.

July 12, 1859

On this date in the port of Veracruz, President Benito Juárez decreed the law nationalizing Church properties, putting all church real estate under the dominion of the Mexican government.