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October 22, 1797

On this date in Paris, France, with thousands of people watching, Andre Jacques Garnerin, an inspector with the French army who defended the use of balloons for military uses, went up in a hydrogen balloon which he had constructed to show the first parajumping exhibition from a height of 1,000 meters.

October 21, 1971

On this date Chilean poet Pablo Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature and on the same day but 11 years later, Gabriel Garcia Marquez won the same prize.

October 20, 1820

On this date Spain and the United States signed an agreement giving the Mexican territory of Florida to the United States.

October 16, 1848

On this date following heated discussion, the legislatures of the States of Mexico and Puebla consented to the creation of the new State of Guerrero.

October 15, 1793

On this date Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, was guillotined.

October 9, 1940

On this date John Lennon of The Beatles was born.

October 8, 1974

On this date President Luis Echeverría declared the territory of Quintana Roo a sovereign state with its capital a Chetumal. He also decreed the territory of Baja California Sur to be sovereign with La Paz its capital.

October 6, 1927

On this date the first movie with sound, The Jazz Singer, was released in the United States.

October 4, 1582

On this date in the middle of the night of this date, Pope Gregorio XIII reformed the calendar eliminating the error of 10 days in a solar year from the old calendar. Tomorrow would not be October 5, 1582 but October 15 of the same year.

October 3, 1863

On this date a committee of Mexican traitors arrived at the Miramar Castle in Trieste to offer Maximillian the throne of Mexico.

October 2, 1968

On this date on the order of President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz thousands of citizens, mostly students, were killed in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas de Tlaltelolco which changed Mexico, the consequences of which can still be seen today in the federal government´s handling of the demands of the students of the Instituto Politécnico Nacionales.

October 1, 1841

On this date the Yucatán legislature approved the province as a Republic, independent of Mexico.

September 30, 1936

On this date the Catholic church declared the Spanish Civil War as a “crusade against the sons of Cain.”

September 29, 1832

On this date Miguel Miramón was born in Mexico City. He participated in the Battle of Chapultepec against north american invaders as a military cadet. He became a General and President of the Republic twice at a young age. With conservative ideas, he aided Emperor Maximiliano with whom he died at the end of the war in 1867.

September 25, 1513

On this date Vasco Núñez de Balboa was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean which he named Mar del Sur.